According to wholevehicles, Guangdong is one of the twenty provinces that, including five autonomous regions, four councils and two special administrative regions, conforms n the People’s Republic of China The capital is Canton; Other important cities are Shantou, Shenzhen, Dongguan and Maoming It is bordered by Hunan and Jiangxi to the north, Fujian to the east, the South China Sea to the south and Guangxi to the west
Etymologically, its name comes from 广 guǎng (“wide”) and 东 dōng (“East”), which together literally means “expansion to the East.” “Guangdong” is the name of the province in pinyin script, which was proposed by Chinese authorities to be used in Western languages. “Guangdong” comes from the name of the province and is the one that was traditionally used in European languages to also designate its capital, the city of Guangdong, in pinyin “Guǎngzhōo”.
Defeated at the Chinese imperial court dende the year 214 e. C., les relations col centru of power were always distant, and until the 12th century consider it a remote province.
It is located in the south of the country, bathed by the Pearl River, the third longest in China. It has an area of 186,000 square kilometers and a population of more than 75 million inhabitants ( 2003 ). It is one of the most prosperous regions in the country thanks to its proximity to Hong Kong and Macau, and the growing commercial and economic integration of the region formed by these three territories.
The province has multiple dialects, such as Yue or Cantonese, which is mainly spoken in the Guangzhou area, although it is also used in Hong Kong and Macau and in many overseas Chinese communities. The so-called Chinese dialects present very large variations that make them unintelligible to each other, which is why some linguists prefer to call themselves “Sinitic languages” rather than dialects. Cantonese is one of the most important dialects of Chinese, in this broad sense of the term, after Mandarin.
Chaoshanhua is a dialect spoken in the Chaoshan area, the area understood by the cities of Shantou, Chaozhou and Jieyang, this dialect is almost unintelligible with respect to Cantonese according to Mandarin. D’ente tholos dialeutos of China, the chaoshanhua happens to be one of the most complex because it employs 8 tones, in comparison colos 4 with that cunta’l Mandarin.
In the city zone of Meizhou, Hakka dialect is spoken, which is unintelligible in terms of Mandarin according to Cantonese and Chaoshanhua.
French is also spoken as a second or third language, due to the French occupation in this part of China.
Due to China’s educational system, all children learn Mandarin in school, although it is common to find in rural areas people aged 40 or 50 and above who only know the dialect of their area.
Guangdong is administratively estimated at 21 prefectures. In addition to these there are 49 other districts, 30 city-level counties, 42 counties and three autonomous counties.