Liechtenstein Population

By | May 6, 2024

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Liechtenstein is 39,137, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 39,137
Population growth rate 0.75%
Birth rate 10.40 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 81.59 years
Men 79.45 years
Women 84.29 years
Age structure
0-14 years 15.23%
15-64 years 66.85%
65 years and above 17.91%
Median age 42.70 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.98
Population density 244.61 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 21.60%
66% Liechtenstein citizens; Proportion of foreigners in 2015: 33.7% (mainly Swiss, Austrians, Germans, Italians)
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 76.2%, Protestants 7%, unknown 10.6%, others 6.2 (June 2002)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.917
HDI ranking 18th out of 194

People in Liechtenstein

37,000 people live in Liechtenstein. 66 out of 100 Liechtensteiners come directly from Liechtenstein, they were also born here. 20 out of 100 come from neighboring countries, where German is also spoken, and three out of 100 from Italy. There are also a few other states. In any case, the population in the small country is quite mixed. So you can count 90 different nations.

Most of the people live in the Rhine valley. The places are called Balzers, Triesen, Vaduz and Schaan. Many people work in industry and in the service sector such as tourism and the financial sector.

Incidentally, no more children have been born in Liechtenstein since 2014, at least not in hospital, because mothers have to go abroad to have a hospital birth, as there is no longer a maternity ward in Liechtenstein itself.

Languages in Liechtenstein

German is spoken in Liechtenstein and German is also the only official language in the whole country. But the people in Liechtenstein speak different dialects, most of which come from Alemannic.

Religions in Liechtenstein

The Roman Catholic Church is a national church, but state and religion are separate. Young people aged 14 and over in Liechtenstein can decide for themselves which religion they want to belong to. And they don’t even have to ask their parents about it. 76 out of 100 Liechtensteiners are Catholic, eight Protestant and six Muslim.

Liechtenstein Overview

Liechtenstein, located in the heart of the Alps between Switzerland and Austria, is renowned for its stunning mountain scenery, charming medieval villages, and as a tax haven. Its capital, Vaduz, is a picturesque city with a fairytale-like castle perched atop a hill overlooking the Rhine Valley. Despite its small size, Liechtenstein boasts a high standard of living and is known for its strong banking sector and wealthy population. The country’s peaceful atmosphere, excellent hiking trails, and cultural attractions, such as the Vaduz Castle and the Kunstmuseum (Museum of Fine Arts), make it a hidden gem in Europe’s landscape.

  • Capital City: Vaduz
  • Population: Approximately 39,000
  • Area: 160 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Principality of Liechtenstein
  • Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)
  • Language: German
  • ISO Country Codes: LI, LIE

Bordering Countries of Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is a small landlocked country located in Central Europe. It is bordered by two countries, Switzerland and Austria. Switzerland lies to the west and south of Liechtenstein, while Austria lies to the east and north. Both countries have had a long and close relationship with Liechtenstein, with many cultural and political ties existing between them.

Switzerland is one of the most prosperous countries in the world and has been an important trading partner for Liechtenstein for centuries. Political ties between the two countries are strong, as Switzerland has granted Liechtenstein customs union status since 1924. This allows goods from Liechtenstein to be imported into Switzerland without paying any customs fees or duties. In addition, Liechtensteiners can travel freely between the two countries without a visa or passport.

Austria also has long-standing ties with Liechtenstein, dating back to 1719 when it was established as an independent principality under Austrian rule. Since then, Austria has provided military protection to its smaller neighbor, while also granting it economic support in times of need. Cross-border trade between Austria and Liechtenstein is also quite significant; with many Austrian companies having branches in the principality due to its favorable tax laws for foreign investors. The two countries are also closely linked through their shared membership in international organizations such as the United Nations and European Union.


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