Tag Archives: Iceland

See computerminus for Iceland political system.

Iceland History and Culture

History Vikings settle in Iceland For a long time Iceland was almost deserted and due to its location was settled late. There are traces from the 7th century. Gardar Svavarsson came from Sweden in 870 and spent the winter here. He is considered the discoverer of Iceland. He named the island Gardarsholm. Flóki Vilgerdarsson is… Read More »

Literature of Iceland Part 3

1830-1920 Only around 1830 can one speak of actual rebirth in Icelandic literature. The new era is ushered in by the journal Fjölnir, published from 1835, with the aim of purifying the language, enhancing the literature and awakening the national feeling of the people. Jónas Hallgrímsson’s monumental poem Iceland in the first year of the… Read More »

Crafts and design in Iceland

History The oldest evidence of Icelandic crafts is found in the burial mounds. There are jewelery and weapons, and the ancient writings refer to talented persons who worked with arts and crafts under the protection of the church. The Icelandic handicraft has been characterized by a strict conservatism and respect for the traditions until almost… Read More »

Literature of Iceland Part 2

1200s The 13th century is the heyday of Icelandic medieval literature. The classic saga style is now fully developed as an alternative to the “learned” style found especially in the spiritual literature (and later also to the “saga” style of the knight saga). Early in the century, the royal sagas reach their richest heyday, with… Read More »

Republic of Iceland

Fire and ice shape the island. In addition to geysers, diverse volcanic phenomena can be observed. Large glaciers cover more than a tenth of the country. Households in the capital Reykjavík are heated with geothermal energy. By far the most important sources of income are fishing and fish processing, aluminum production and tourism also play… Read More »

Literature of Iceland Part 1

About. 900-1100 The settlers brought with them the poetry of immigration. This poem was mainly transmitted orally in the earliest times and is a branch of the Old Germanic poetry, which shows itself in content (preferably in heroic poetry) and form (the dominant use of “langvers” – in Icelandic tradition short verspar – containing four… Read More »

Music in Iceland

Iceland has a rich music scene with strong traditions and great genre breadth even with a relatively small population. Musicians like Björk and Sigur Rós have gained great international popularity and contributed to Iceland’s distinctive place on the European music scene. Folk music Icelandic folk music is documented from the Middle Ages and has preserved… Read More »

Theater in Iceland

Older theater There are old storytelling traditions in Iceland, while the actual theater history goes back to the cathedral school students’ theater performances at Skálholt since the beginning of the 18th century. Here they also performed Herranótt, which was an annual ritual that became the source of inspiration for their own Icelandic drama. The first… Read More »

Icelandic Movie

In the days of the silent film, the feature film had a modest position in Iceland. No independent Icelandic film production existed, but some filmisations of Icelandic literary works were co-produced with other countries. The Danish-Icelandic film The Sleeping House (1926) was the first film made after the original Icelandic script; screenwriter Guðmundur Kamban also… Read More »

Iceland Old History

It is located much closer to the American continent than to Europe. But due to the geographical nature of the soil and its history it belongs to Europe; in fact it is united, through a continental base, to Scotland, with which in ancient times it formed a single land. It was discovered in the late… Read More »