Tag Archives: Greece

See computerminus for Greece political system.

Greece Hellenistic Arts (330 / 320–30 BC) Part I

Following the conquests of Alexander the Great , according to estatelearning, Greek art dominated the Mediterranean and the Orient, in particular it served to decorate the residences of the Diadochi and Epigones. Effects can be seen as far as India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia. Architecture Numerous evidence of small rulers’ residences such as Pergamon… Read More »

Greece Classical Arts (490/480-330/320 BC) Part II

The high class in the 2nd half of the 5th century BC The ponderation leads to a climax and brings the contrapost to perfection: the shifting of weight on the free leg results in the displacement of the body parts, which is used for harmonious movement and countermovement of the body structure. To this end,… Read More »

Greece Classical Arts (490/480-330/320 BC) Part I

Architecture In classical architecture, the forms and proportions of the temple v. a. characterized by a slimmer striving. The Temple of Zeus at Olympia (470-460), the Parthenon (447-432), the Temple of Poseidon at Sunion (2nd half of the 5th century), the Temple of Hera at Paestum (around 450), the Temple of Hephaestus in Athens were… Read More »

Greece Archaic Arts (700–490/480 BC)

Architecture Archaic architecture developed from the late 8th and 7th centuries BC. At the temple, the basic shape of which has been the elongated cella since the 8th century (location of the cult image). The cella was given a vestibule with two columns, or a circular hall made of wooden supports was placed around it… Read More »

Thessaloniki, Greece

Thessaloniki [θ-], Thessalonike, also Saloniki for short , the second largest city in Greece, capital of the administrative region of Central Macedonia, on the Thermaic Gulf, (2011) 325 200 residents (1951: 217 000 residents), as a metropolitan area of ​​1 456 km 2 with 754 600 residents. According to franciscogardening, Thessaloniki is the seat of… Read More »

Athens, Greece Cityscape

Buildings of antiquity: Today, buildings from the 5th century BC are largely decisive. BC as well as buildings from the Hellenistic and Roman times. Significant ancient remains are preserved on the Acropolis (UNESCO World Heritage Site) and on other hills in the city: the Areopagus (seat of the Old Council) and, further to the north-west,… Read More »

Athens, Greece Overview

Athens, ancient Greek Athenai, modern Greek Athinai [a’θinε], Athina [-θ-], capital of Greece and administrative seat of the Attica region, largest city in the country, (2011) 664,000 residents, agglomeration around 3.8 million residents. Athens is located in Attica, 5 km from the sea, surrounded by Hymettos (1,028 m above sea level), Pentelikon (1 109 m… Read More »

History of Athens, Greece Part 2

After 146, Athens became a Civitas foederata under Roman rule and received an oligarchical constitution, which, under the influence of Mithridates VI. only 88–86 was replaced by a radical democracy (86 BC, Athens was taken by Sulla). Augustus and Agrippa supported Athens with large buildings. Under Hadrian, Athens received a new district (Hadrian’s City) as well… Read More »

History of Athens, Greece Part 1

The acropolis hill in the alluvial plain of Kephisos between the mountain ranges of the Aegaleos (Greek Aigaleos) in the west and Hymettos in the east has been inhabited continuously since the Neolithic. In Mycenaean times, Athens was the center of Attica with a walled settlement and palace from the late 14th century BC. Because… Read More »