Spain Country Data

By | March 13, 2023

According to Softwareleverage, Spain is a country located in the southwestern region of Europe and is bordered by Portugal, France, and Andorra. It has a population of over 46 million people and an area of 505,990 km2. The capital city of Spain is Madrid. The official language of Spain is Spanish, but other languages such as Catalan, Basque, and Galician are also spoken in certain regions.

The climate in Spain ranges from temperate to Mediterranean and varies depending on the region. In the northern part of the country, it can be cold while the southern part experiences warmer temperatures throughout the year. The terrain consists mostly of high plateaus surrounded by mountains in the north and south with central plains extending from northwest to southeast.

Spain has a rich history that dates back centuries as it was once home to some of the most powerful empires in European history such as Visigoths, Romans, Phoenicians, Moors and others. Its culture is heavily influenced by these different empires which can be seen through its diverse cuisine and architecture.

The economy in Spain is largely based on services such as tourism which accounts for about 12% of its GDP. Other industries include manufacturing (15%), construction (10%) and agriculture (7%). The unemployment rate has been decreasing steadily since 2013 due to economic reforms made by the government which have helped boost job creation. Additionally, Spain is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Europe with more than 82 million visitors annually who contribute significantly to its economy.

Capital City

According to, Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. It is located in the center of the Iberian Peninsula, and is home to 3.2 million people. The city has a rich history, with evidence of human settlement dating back to pre-Roman times. Madrid’s architecture reflects its long history, featuring a mix of Baroque and neo-classical styles as well as modern structures. The city is home to many famous landmarks such as the Palacio Real (Royal Palace), Plaza Mayor, Puerta del Sol, and Gran Via. Madrid also boasts some of the world’s best art galleries and museums including El Prado Museum, Reina Sofia Museum, and Thyssen Bornemisza Museum. The city’s nightlife is vibrant, with a variety of bars, clubs, restaurants and theaters offering entertainment for all ages. Madrid also hosts numerous annual festivals and events such as San Isidro Festival in May, Feria de San Miguel in September and Christmas celebrations in December. With its diverse culture, stunning architecture and lively atmosphere Madrid is an ideal destination for tourists from around the world looking to experience all that Spain has to offer.

National Day

The National Day of Spain is celebrated on October 12th each year. It marks the anniversary of Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the Americas in 1492. This day celebrates the Spanish nation and its history, culture, and achievements. Throughout Spain, this day is a national holiday, with people gathering in public places to celebrate their nation’s heritage. In Madrid, the celebrations begin with a parade that features traditional costumes and music. The parade ends at Plaza de Colon where there are speeches by prominent figures and performances from local artists. Later in the day there are fireworks displays all over Spain to commemorate this special occasion. The streets come alive with music and dancing as people of all ages join together in celebration. This is an especially important day for Spanish immigrants living abroad as it reminds them of their homeland and its rich culture that they may not have experienced for some time.


Spain is home to a variety of languages. While Spanish is the official language, it is not the only language spoken in Spain. The other languages spoken in Spain are Catalan, Galician, Basque, Valencian and Aranese. Each of these languages has its own distinct history and culture.

Catalan is spoken in Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands. It is closely related to Occitan and French, though it also contains influences from Spanish and other Romance languages. Catalan has its own literature and culture which have been preserved for centuries. It is considered a minority language by the European Union but it remains an important part of Spanish culture.

Galician is spoken in Galicia as well as parts of Asturias and Castile-Leon. It belongs to the same family as Portuguese but it also contains elements from Latin, Germanic and Celtic languages. Galician has its own distinct literature which was developed between the 12th and 14th centuries and continues to be used today by writers such as Rosalia de Castro and Camilo Jose Cela.

Basque is primarily spoken in the Basque Country but can also be found in parts of Navarra and La Rioja. It has been around since ancient times with no clear origin or connection to any other language family; this makes it one of Europe’s most mysterious languages! Basque has its own literature, music and art which are all celebrated throughout Spain today.

Valencian is quite similar to Catalan but with some differences in spelling, pronunciation and vocabulary; it’s often referred to as “Catalan-Valencian” or simply “Valencian” for short! Valencian can be found primarily in Valencia, Mallorca (Majorca) and Ibiza (Eivissa). It has its own unique literature that dates back to the 13th century with authors such as Ausiàs March, Joanot Martorell, Ramon Llull among others who are still studied today!

Finally there’s Aranese which can be found mainly in Val d’Aran located near Catalonia on the border with France; Aranese belongs to a group of Occitan dialects known as Gascony-Aranese dialects due to their close relationship with French Gascony dialects! Aranese literature dates back at least 500 years when authors such as Joan Gener composed works in both Catalan & Aranese; this tradition continues today with poets like Lluís Calbó who write exclusively in Aranese!

Spain Country Data