Geography of Belarus

By | January 22, 2019

Belarus is a plain country that extends approximately 650 kilometers in the west-east direction. The landscape is clearly marked by the icing during the last ice age. Here are numerous low moraine ridges, evenly rounded drum lines, floating blocks and thousands of small lakes and swamps.

The Belarusian ridges are a southwest-northeast moraine ridge that extends from north of Brest through Minsk, and continues eastward into the Smolensk – Moscow ridge. These ridges, which are between 110 and 130 km wide and vary in altitude between 150 and 300 meters above sea level, mark the southern boundary of the ice spread and are the largest of the Baltic end ants.

The high ridges form the watershed between Nemunas and Dvina, both flowing to the Baltic Sea, and Dnieper with the bee lions Pripjat and Beresina, which flow to the Black Sea. South of the Belarusian hills, on both sides of Pripjat, lie the great Rokitno marshes.

The geography of Belarus


The climate varies from temperate to continental. The average temperature in January is between −7 and −9 °C and in July between 16 and 18 °C. The rainfall varies between 500 and 650 millimeters a year, with a small peak in the summer.

Plant life in Belarus

One-third of Belarus is covered by forests, essentially bare forests. The Republic has one of Europe’s largest remaining primeval forests : the Beloveszkaja Pushcha State Reserve on the border with Poland. Along the rivers are large swamp areas and swamp forests.

Wildlife in Belarus

The fauna in Belarus has great similarities to that found in eastern Poland. In the forests, moose, deer, deer, wild boars, reefs, marsh dogs, squirrels and flying grains live. Many carnivores, including badgers, otters, moths, charcoal and ferns.

The Belavezhskaya forest near the border with Poland has a considerable population of European bison or visent.

Bird life is rich. Birds of prey include eagles, short-toed snake eagle, Honey Buzzard, Montagu’s Harrier, småskrikeørn (more than 1500 pairs) and Eurasian Hobby. Stork thrives in the cultural landscape; numerous ends, ridges and waders in the wetlands. In the forests, for example, large birds, blackbirds, jerks, blackbirds and nutcrackers live.

rear-view mirrors

The moose does not have rear-view mirrors like other deer. But it may have white areas that extend far up the back of the thighs, especially in moose cows.